[105] Volcanism here has created crater lakes. [108][109] The northern lowland region extends from the edge of the Adamawa to Lake Chad with an average elevation of 300 to 350 metres (984 to 1,148 ft). [54] On 18 January 2006, Biya initiated an anti-corruption drive under the direction of the National Anti-Corruption Observatory. Soils and climate on the coast encourage extensive commercial cultivation of bananas, cocoa, oil palms, rubber, and tea. The country has experienced tensions coming from the English-speaking territories. [68] The withdrawal and handover of control was completed by August 2006. MDRCM004, "Cameroon: Location of Refugees and Main Entry Points (as of 02 May 2014) – Cameroon", "Cameroon: Starving, Exhausted CAR Refugees Stream Into Cameroon – UN", "AFRICAN POWDER KEG: CAMEROONIAN CONFLICT AND AFRICAN SECURITY", Deaths and detentions as Cameroon cracks down on anglophone activists, "July–December, 2010 International Religious Freedom Report – Cameroon", "The veil in west Africa: Banning the burqa: Why more countries are outlawing the full-face veil", Boko Haram timeline: From preachers to slave raiders, "Cameroon clothing - A description of the traditional attire of Cameroon", Cameroon:Imane Ayissi detremined to project Cameroon’s couture, Journal du Cameroun, 07.04.2020, "Cameroon's indomitable contemporary art", "Africa Women Cup of Nations kicks off in Cameroon", Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, St. Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cameroon&oldid=1001849647, English-speaking countries and territories, French-speaking countries and territories, Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations, Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, States and territories established in 1960, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 1998, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Nurses are unemployed even though their help is needed. After trying a parliamentary vote in 1952 without success, the UPC turned to the United Nations, who had the guardianship of Cameroon, to demand independence and reunification. [82] 46,000 children under age 14 were estimated to be living with HIV in 2016. [49] The government has taken measures to encourage tourism in the country.[117]. [98] The country's neighbours are Nigeria and the Atlantic Ocean to the west; Chad to the northeast; the Central African Republic to the east; and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and the Republic of the Congo to the south. Settled peoples who fled the Fulani caused a major redistribution of population. [59] However, since the first decade of the 21st century, an increasing number of police and gendarmes have been prosecuted for improper conduct. [167] Other crafts include basket weaving, beadworking, brass and bronze working, calabash carving and painting, embroidery, and leather working. "Women and children are arriving in Cameroon in a shocking state, after weeks, sometimes months, on the road, foraging for food," said Ertharin Cousin, executive director of the World Food Programme (WFP).[153]. They called for reunification of French- and British-administered areas as an independent state.[10]. [44] Since 2016, more than 450,000 people have fled their homes. Kamerun heɓti ndimaaku mum 1960. After a long period of hiding, the UPC officially re-surfaced in 1991 with the return to multiparty politics in Cameroon. Join Facebook to connect with Camerún Diaz and others you may know. Peoples gained 319 yards and scored five touchdowns on 23 carries to lead Appalachian State to a 56-28 win. Colonial-era writers such as Louis-Marie Pouka and Sankie Maimo were educated by European missionary societies and advocated assimilation into European culture as the means to bring Cameroon into the modern world. Camerun Peoples has record-setting day vs. North Texas. Headlines {{ sport.display_name }} {{ link.display_text }} • Be a part of the Rivals community for $8.33/month. [67] By 2004, Nigeria had failed to meet the deadline to handover the peninsula. [39] Boko Haram launched several attacks into Cameroon, killing 84 civilians in a December 2014 raid, but suffering a heavy defeat in a raid in January 2015. Tourist literature describes Cameroon as "Africa in miniature" because it exhibits all major climates and vegetation of the continent: coast, desert, mountains, rainforest, and savanna. Directly south of them are the Centre (Centre) and East (Est). [161] The Bamum ethnic group of the West Region is largely Muslim. [55] However, the corruption has gotten worse, regardless of the existing anti-corruption bureaus, as Transparency International ranked Cameroon 152 on a list of 180 countries in 2018. He gave the impetus to the earlier convention about the Future of Europe (2002/03), which resulted in the rejected Constitution for Europe.. The French-speaking regions of the southern and western regions are largely Catholic. [87], In 2012, the top three deadly diseases were HIV/AIDS, lower respiratory tract infection, and diarrheal diseases. [129] Douala is the country's principal seaport. On 6 May, another meeting was held, this time at the residence of Guillaume Bagal in Douala. "World Population Prospects 2020". [158], Cameroon has a high level of religious freedom and diversity. The meeting of 22 June was held in the Salles de Fêtes d'Akwa and was attended by around 500 people. The script was given to them by Sultan Ibrahim Njoya in 1896,[18][19] and is taught in Cameroon by the Bamum Scripts and Archives Project. [73], Same-sex sexual acts are banned by section 347-1 of the penal code with a penalty of from 6 months up to 5 years' imprisonment. [47] The president appoints government officials at all levels, from the prime minister (considered the official head of government), to the provincial governors and divisional officers. Snacks are popular, especially in larger towns where they may be bought from street vendors.[182][183]. These concessions used forced labour of the Africans to make a profit. Livestock are raised throughout the country. Cameroon controls 12 nautical miles of the Atlantic Ocean. Muslims are most concentrated in the north, while Christians are concentrated primarily in the southern and western regions, but practitioners of both faiths can be found throughout the country. On 25 July 2018, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein expressed deep concern about reports of violations and abuses in the English-speaking Northwest and Southwest regions of Cameroon. [137] Population density is highest in the large urban centres, the western highlands, and the northeastern plain. Cameroonian society is male-dominated, and violence and discrimination against women is common. The party published the papers La Voix du Cameroun, Lumière, Étoile and Vérité. Please update it here. [196] Meanwhile, in the mid-1970s, filmmakers such as Jean-Pierre Dikongué Pipa and Daniel Kamwa dealt with the conflicts between traditional and post-colonial society. An estimated 70% of the population farms, and agriculture comprised an estimated 16.7% of GDP in 2017. Among the most notable religious holidays are Assumption Day and Ascension Day which typically occurs 39 days after Easter. During the 2004–2008 period, public debt was reduced from over 60% of GDP to 10% and official reserves quadrupled to over US$3 billion. Under the influence of Germany, commercial companies were left to regulate local administrations. "Preventing renewed violence through peace building in the Bakassi peninsula (Cameroon).". This region has a mild climate, particularly on the Western High Plateau, although rainfall is high. [34] The boundary change triggered a local separatist insurgency, as many Bakassians refused to accept Cameroonian rule. Its soils are among Cameroon's most fertile, especially around volcanic Mount Cameroon. [29] Ahidjo pursued an economic policy of planned liberalism, prioritising cash crops and petroleum development. Its activists send multiple petitions to the United Nations and organize demonstrations challenging the administration. [48] The judiciary is officially divided into tribunals, the court of appeal, and the supreme court. In 1952, the party created a women's branch, the Democratic Union of Cameroonian Women. [20] The German Empire claimed the territory as the colony of Kamerun in 1884 and began a steady push inland. [49][50], Cameroon's legal system is a mixture of civil law, common law, and customary law. 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